In August 2018, the Colombian Ministry of Environment issued a Resolution holding packaging producers responsible for the management of their packaging waste.
Resolution 1407/2018 “By which the environmental management of packaging waste and packaging of paper, cardboard, plastic, glass, metal is regulated and other determinations are made” is the first law of its kind in Columbia, and it regulates general packaging waste management through an EPR scheme.
Producers of products in single-use primary and secondary packaging are required to individually or collectively create waste management programs, which are to be submitted to the National Environmental Licensing Authority (ANLA) by December 31, 2020.
Waste management program plans are to include the following:
Information of producers and operators/administrators participating in the plan
Types and volume of packaging placed on the market by adhering producers
Targets to be met
Operational strategies to be implemented, collection and treatment mechanisms, locations of collection, etc.
Public awareness initiatives
Methods for monitoring and analyzing data
Financial mechanisms/operational budget
Producers opting for collective waste management programs must implement programs either through legal entities established solely for executing plans or through signed agreements between collaborating producers.
Producer-operated programs will gradually increase their geographic coverage, and municipalities are required to support waste packaging collection mechanisms as well as public awareness initiatives. Programs will be implemented in 2021, and first progress reports will be sent to ANLA in April 2022.
Packaging used for containing hazardous materials and medicines and packaging made of wood, textiles or natural fibers (excluding paper and cardboard) will be excluded from the Resolution.
There are not yet any established collection targets, but producers will be required to reach minimum recycled content targets (targets increase by 2% each year; beginning in 2028, targets increase by 3% each year):
By 2021, at least 10% of packaging placed on the market in 2020 must be re-incorporated into new packaging
By 2030, this goal increases to 30%
ANLA will conduct yearly evaluations of waste management programs and will award operators points based on abilities to meet requirements – operators must maintain a minimum score in order to remain authorized.